Food, the most basic yet most necessary part of a living being from a mere bacteria to a complex Organism having a considerable number of organs functioning differently yet depending on a simple aspect for sustaining their function and maintaining harmony in the body.
Now a basic question arises how food can play such a major role in our life? As a body is a working ground for millions of enzymatic processes for continuously building and breaking chemical compounds resulting in sustainability of functional and structural aspects of a cell, tissue, organ, and in whole a complete organism.
So for the regulation of this working ground, there is a requirement of an ample amount of energy and chemical substrate for repairing tissues that degrade during the biochemical processes. So whatever food we take through our diet gets digested through the chemical and enzymatic activity of our Gastrointestinal tract, And for further processing, it gets absorbed in our body. We have discussed ample information about the significance of food. But, How did we get so much information about this? So, the answer is “Metabolic medicine”.
What is metabolic medicine?
Metabolic Medicine is a subspecialty - chemical pathology of all the medicines which can be defined as a group of overlapping areas of clinical practice with common dependence on a detailed understanding of a combination of basic biochemistry and metabolism. Doctors are working on biochemistry and metabolism to understand metabolic medicine properly.
For the involvement of both biochemistry and metabolism, it falls within the areas of expertise of both the physician and chemical pathologist. They deal with adult patients in which the chemical processes in the body do not function properly and may cause severe health problems. It also involves the treatment of various diseases, one of them is using the body’s natural biochemistry along with current scientific research to support the body’s best functioning and the optimal health of patients. Metabolic medicine basically refers to the healing of the body from the inside out.
The clinical work going into metabolic medicine to fit well along with the laboratory work of chemical pathology. Research of the biochemical investigation of patients with metabolic problems is intellectually stimulating and satisfying, as it is planned to incorporate the metabolic medicine curriculum for chemical pathology.
There are so many different procedures and interventions in metabolic medicine which are:
- Drug treatments such as insulin and lipid-regulating drugs.
- Enzyme replacement therapies for inherited metabolic diseases.
- Bariatric surgery for obesity, and gastric bypass surgery – where metabolic medicine physicians will work closely with bariatric surgeons.
- Provision of nutritional support, percutaneous gastrostomies (PEG, an endoscopic procedure) or parenteral nutrition (TPN)
- Cardiovascular risk testing, e.g. for patients with high cholesterol.
- Use of new biologic treatments for cholesterol disorders.
- Dynamic tests are also known as “stress tests” for a wide range of conditions.
What is Metabolic disease?
Metabolic disease is a kind of disease or we can say it is a disorder that disrupts our normal metabolism (the process of converting food to energy on a cellular level). Persons affected by this disease may appear healthy for some days, months, or even years. The onset of symptoms usually occurs when the body’s metabolism comes under stress such as prolonged stress, trauma both physical and mental ones.
Nowadays our world is facing plenty of metabolic disorders surely due to the adoption of lots of poor habits in our day-to-day life. Workload and heavy stress just crushed us and our health under its feet and as a result, we sometimes develop certain metabolic disorders during our lifetime one such widely known disorder is Diabetes mellitus though it also has certain types I can be genetic or acquired in both case, we are affected by it badly. So let’s know about some science behind Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus – types and science behind it.
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disease or disorders or a metabolic syndrome of carbohydrate metabolism that is characterized by high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) and usually resulting from insufficient production of the insulin hormone in the body (type 1 diabetes) or an ineffective response of cells to insulin (type 2 diabetes). Secreted by the Beta cells of the endocrine part of the pancreas, insulin is required to transport blood glucose (sugar) into cells. As described earlier being a syndrome Diabetes brings major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, as well as a leading cause of adult blindness. Other long-term causes of diabetes include kidney failure, nerve damage, and lower limb amputation due to impaired circulation.
Overall Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome but type 1 is a congenital one. A disease that is present due to development defects in the Pancreas and causing an absence of Beta cells of islets of Langerhans. But our unhealthy habits and stressful life have created another type of Diabetes which can be known as Diabetes mellitus type 2.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease. It can be characterized by increasing high levels of sugar within the blood. Type 2 diabetes is also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus which is known as “adult-onset” diabetes. This is often because it used to start nearly always in the middle- and late-adulthood in an individual. However, more and more children and teenagers are developing this kind of condition. Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1 diabetes because Type 2 is typically a different disease. But it shares with type 1 diabetes high blood sugar levels, and also the complications of high blood sugar.
In the process of digestion, food is broken down into small pieces or components. Similarly, Carbohydrates are broken down into simple sugars, primarily glucose. We all know Glucose is most important for our body because it is a source of energy for the body's cells to function properly. To supply energy to the cells, glucose needs to leave the blood and get inside the cells.
Insulin travels in the blood signals to the cells to take up glucose. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas (pancreas is an organ in the abdomen) to regulate the amount of glucose in the blood. When levels of glucose in the blood rise (for example, after a meal), then the pancreas produces more insulin.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body's cells either resist the normal effect of the production of insulin (a hormone that regulates the glucose into cells) or the body doesn't produce enough insulin. This condition in the body is called insulin resistance and as a result, glucose starts to build up in the blood.
In people who have the problem of insulin resistance, In them, the pancreas "sees" the blood glucose level rises. The pancreas then responds by making extra insulin to maintain normal blood sugar. Over time and time, the body's insulin resistance gets worse.
Results in the pancreas make more and more insulin. Lastly, the pancreas gets exhausted as it cannot hold the demand for more and more insulin. Its functioning gets hampered. As a result, blood sugar levels start to rise and will lead to high blood glucose levels.
The symptoms of diabetes are related to the high blood glucose levels that includes:
- Increased susceptibility of infections, especially yeast or fungal infections.
- Excessive urination, thirst, and hunger.
- Weight loss.
- Extremely high blood sugar levels can also lead to a serious complication syndrome called hyperosmolar syndrome. This is an intense form of dehydration. In most cases, hyperosmolar syndrome is the first sign of type 2 diabetes in a person. It can cause confused thinking, weakness, nausea, and even seizure and may lead to coma.
How Can One Prevent Metabolic Syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome includes a group of risk factors in a body for example - high blood pressure, high blood sugar level, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and excess fat in the abdomen. Having these kinds of risk factors drastically raises your chances of getting diabetes, blood vessels, and heart disease.
According to experts preventing metabolic syndrome is the same way you would treat it. You should necessarily make some sensible changes in your daily lifestyle. You should do:
- Exercise daily. A gradual start is the best always. The American Heart Association recommends, if possible, that you slowly step up to exercising on most days of the week for 30-60 minutes. But if you have any physical limitations or concerns first, consult your healthcare provider. In this way, you will not lose motivation and you will be able to set periodic goals for yourself.
- Eat healthily. Add food which satiates your hunger a diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables, lean protein, whole grains, and low-fat dairy, and restricted in saturated fats, trans fat, cholesterol, and salt is pretty helpful.
- Lose weight if you are obese
- Quit smoking - we all know the consequences of smoking, as smoking only makes things worse.
- Schedule regular check-ups with your doctor. Metabolic syndrome doesn't show any symptoms, so you need to go on regular visits to the doctor to check your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar.
- As for check-ups now come in role a Metabolic specialist
What is a metabolic specialist?
A metabolic specialist is a doctor who has a specialization in diagnosing and treating metabolic disorders like diabetes, high cholesterol, high BP, and many other diseases. There are certain perimeters for observing a person whether he/she is suffering from metabolic syndrome or not. The few symptoms are as follows
- Increasing waist — A waist that measures at least 35 inches (89 centimeters) for women and 40 inches (102 centimeters) for men.
- High triglyceride level — 150 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL), or 1.7 millimoles per litre (mmol/L), or higher of this type of fat found in the blood.
- HDL cholesterol — Less than 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L) in men or less than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) in women of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
- Elevated blood pressure — 140/90mmHg or higher.
- Increased fasting blood sugar — 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) or higher.
Their area of practice involves diagnosing patients, monitoring their blood pressure, heart rates, blood cholesterol levels. And on that account, a metabolic specialist first will guide you towards a drastic change in a healthy lifestyle and a healthy diet to combat metabolic disorders. If changes in lifestyle could not control the risk of metabolic syndrome, then your Metabolic specialist may prescribe you medications to control blood pressure, cholesterol, and other symptoms. By Carefully following these professional instructions you can prevent many of the long-term outcomes of metabolic syndrome.
Why is Krishiv Hospital the Metabolic Medicine Hospital in Jaipur?
Krishiv Multispecialty Hospital provides facilities for metabolic syndrome involving all types of metabolic Specialists having vast experience in metabolic medicine in pink city. They have armed the latest and most advanced metabolic researchers and specialists help in the quickest treatment of a particular metabolic disease our research and experience allows us to provide a precise and cutting edge treatment for patients seeking medical attention along with this we also provide a very healthy and hygienic environment maintaining all necessary norms advised by the local and state authorities. They mostly try resolving someone’s metabolic syndrome by a natural way by Guiding patience towards a healthier lifestyle if this also don't resolves the problem of the disease by further advancing towards most advance and precise medicines and medical treatment including,
Drug treatment, Bariatric surgery, Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), also known as coronary angioplasty, new biologic treatments for cholesterol disorders, and many more.
Because of these facilities, modern medicine, And foremost their dedicated team many patients have successfully got treatment for their metabolic disorders and now are sustaining their life in a comfortable life comfortably.